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Special Issues - November 2016

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Thematic special issues from e-journals which the Library provides offsite access to for Fellows using 'Athens' logins are listed below. Open Access special issues which require no passwords are also listed.


TectonophysicsCircum-Arctic evolution

Tectonophysics vol.691 part A Pages 1-256 (22 November 2016)
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This special issue evolved from a Special Session at the Geological Society of America Annual meeting 2014. Its aim was to highlight new research across the Arctic, reflecting the breadth of lithospheric interactions that occurred over the past ~ 700 Myr, emphasizing thematic linkages, such as inter-regional, onshore-offshore, lithosphere-basin, magmatism-tectonism and so on. This multidisciplinary suite of papers is intended to facilitate greater understanding of the interdependence of the processes underlying the tectonic, magmatic and sedimentary evolution of the Arctic, to encourage new avenues for future multidisciplinary studies, and possibly to foster fresh insights into the linkages between these processes. These papers reflect current research in the Arctic realm encompassing multiple aspects of the geosciences: lithospheric structure, magmatic processes, rheology, tectonic evolution, and provenance and paleogeography.

Quaternary internationalPaleosols, polygenetic soils and soil chronosequences as archives of landscape evolution

Quaternary international vol.418 Pages 1-208 (5 October 2016)
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This special issue integrates papers dealing with palaeosols and their use as palaeoenvironmetal indicators, and papers related to time periods of soil development and pedogenetic processes. These contributions were presented in two international meetings in 2014: the International Paleopedological Conference held in Toruń, Poland and the RAISIN workshop (Rates of soil forming processes in different climates, obtained from soils and paleosols in well defined settings) which took place in Mohave Desert, United States. The selected papers include the use of specific tools and properties related to soil memory, which are valuable as source of information for environmental change, geoarchaeology and soil development.

Chemical geologyDeciphering time-dependent processes in soil and weathering profile evolution

Chemical geology vol.446 Pages 1-174 (23 December 2016)
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Papers in this volume are derived from a special session at the European Geoscience Union General Assembly in 2015. This session clearly demonstrated the vast diversity of approaches and geochemical and geochronological tools available today for “Deciphering time-dependent processes in soil and weathering profile evolution, ... to look deeper into the superimposition of geochemical and mineralogical processes governing soil and weathering profile evolution that may vary from seasonal to millennial time paces”.

Rock mechanics and rock engineeringSelected contributions from the 49th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium

Rock mechanics and rock engineering vol.49 issue 11 Pages 4213-4569 (November 2016)
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This special issue contains a representative sample of contributions from the 49th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium. The papers address a range of topics from geotechnical classification to hydraulic fracturing, and include field relevant study, laboratory experiments and investigations empowered by high performance computing.

Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecologyMesozoic ecosystems - climate and biota

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology vol.464 Pages 1-152 (15 December 2016)
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This issue is an outcome of IGCP-632 “Continental Crises of the Jurassic: Major Extinction events and Environmental Changes within Lacustrine Ecosystems”, but its scope has been extended to cover the whole of the Mesozoic. The 12 contributions contained in this issue particularly focus on the biota, including plants, invertebrates and vertebrates in both marine and continental settings. The new data in all contributions are developed to also enhance understanding of the Mesozoic climate, ecosystems, mass extinction events and atmospheric composition.

Chemical geologyDeciphering isotope signatures of Earth Surface and Critical Zone Processes

Chemical geology vol.445 Pages 1-220 (15 December 2016)
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The 16 papers in this volume result from work presented in a special session at the Fall AGU conference in San Francisco in December 2014 and contributions from scientists who were unable to attend. The topics covered by these papers range from low temperature geochemical and biological processes in natural environments such as rivers, soils, and catchments, to experimental calibration and modeling of the isotope fractionation factors and element partitioning during low-temperature fluid-rock interactions. The isotope systematics include both stable (C, N), non-traditional stable (Li, Mg, Ca, Cu, Zn, Mo) and radiogenic (Ar, Sr, U-series) isotopes.

Journal of geochemical explorationFluid and melt inclusions

Journal of geochemical exploration vol.171 Pages 1-140 (December 2016)
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Twelve papers based on topics from the 5th biennial meeting of the Asian Current Research on Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-V). There are seven papers characterizing the role of fluids in the origin and evolution of mineral deposits and two characterizing the role of fluids in oil and gas exploration. The other three articles are focused on protocols for studying silicate melt inclusion, fluid inclusions formed in pegmatitic environments, and CH4 densometry.

TectonophysicsThe role of fluids in faulting and fracturing in carbonates and other upper crustal rocks

Tectonophysics vol.690 part A Pages 1-252 (28 October 2016)
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The 16 papers in this volume are derived from a session entitled “The role of fluids in faulting and fracturing in carbonates and other upper crustal rocks” at the EGU General Assembly, held in Vienna (Austria) in 2015. Papers were invited from both participants and other researchers working on related topics. These provide a sample of the state-of-the-science on fluids and faulting in carbonate, crystalline and siliciclastic rocks from studies that combine and integrate different methods, including rock mechanics, petrophysics, structural diagenesis and crustal permeability.

Journal of volcanology and geothermal researchNumerical models of volcanic eruption plumes: inter-comparison and sensitivity

Journal of volcanology and geothermal research vol.326 Pages 1-172 (15 October 2016)
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This volume presents results of the eruption column model inter-comparison study promoted by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI) Commission on Tephra Hazard Modelling. The study compared empirical parameterizations (0D), aimed to estimate mass flow rates from column heights, and simulations of one-dimensional (1D) and three-dimensional (3D) numerical models in a set of inter-comparison exercises to evaluate model capabilities and highlight aspects requiring improvement and future research.

Sedimentary geologyThe environmental significance of soft-sediment deformation

Sedimentary geology vol.344 Pages 1-408 (October 2016)
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This special issue contains examples of soft-sediment deformation covering almost all of the sedimentary environments. It is intended to fill a gap in knowledge caused by the lack of studies focused on the complex relationships between the occurrence of soft-sediment deformation and the sedimentary environments in which the deformation develops. The 26 papers cover a wide spectrum of soft-sediment deformation occurring in different depositional settings and have been analysed with different approaches. The authors were asked to focus their interpretations on the relationships between the occurrence of soft-sediment deformation and the processes that were active in the surrounding sedimentary environments.

Journal of volcanology and geothermal researchUnderstanding volcanoes in the Vanuatu arc

Journal of volcanology and geothermal research vol.322 Pages 1-262 (15 August 2016)
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This special issue highlights the diversity of the volcanic processes that make the Vanuatu arc an exceptional laboratory for studying melt and gas geochemistry, and the dynamics of magma degassing in a tectonically-active convergent setting.

TectonophysicsDeep Seismix

Tectonophysics vol.689 Pages 1-166 (15 October 2016)
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This special volume brings together 13 papers representing some of the contributions presented during the International Symposium on Multiscale Seismic Imaging of the Earth’s crust and Upper Mantle (16th symposium of the Deep Seismix series). The main topic of this symposium was the structure of the crust and upper mantle of the continents and their margins, with a strong emphasis on recent advances that provide detailed images of the crust and upper mantle.