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Deposited Papers

Generally letters, diaries, field books, drawings, prints, reports and annotated/ manuscript maps which have been deposited with the Society. The series includes visual material which was used to illustrate papers read at Ordinary Meetings. Although the original manuscripts were not retained (apart from a small number of very early papers), the illustrations were kept – presumably because they were not included in the final journal publication. 

Notable collections of papers by individuals include:
Louis Agassiz small   Louis Agassiz (1807-1873)
The original artwork for Agassiz's Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles (1833–1843) and its follow up work Monographie des Poissons Fossiles du Vieux Grès Rouge (1844–1845), numbering just under 3,000 drawings and watercolours. Examples from the collection can be found in our exhibition pages and Picture Library.
     
Etheldred Benett   Etheldred Benett (1775-1845)
Examples of Benett's artwork mainly of fossil sponges, including two copies of the illustrated manuscript 'Sketches of fossil Alcyonia from the Green Sand Formation at Warminster Common and in the immediate vicinity of Wiltshire', 1816. Also two sections of Chicksgrove Quarry, 1816 and a watercolour painting of a meteorite that fell in County Limerick, [1825]. Examples of her work can be found in our exhibition pages.
     
T G Bonney 80dpi
  Thomas George Bonney (1833–1923)
Sixty-eight letters addressed to Bonney on scientific and general subjects, 1858-1919. Includes letters from Charles Lyell, Lord Kelvin, Joseph Lister, Adam Sedgwick and William Sollas.
     
William Buckland 80dpi
  William Buckland (1784-1856)
Buckland was extremely active in the Society, so there are many items relating to him scattered around the collections. The collected papers consists of manuscripts and illustrations relating to his published work, notably the lithographs of the skeletal remains of extinct animals found in cave deposits intended for the proposed second part of Reliquiae diluvianae, 1825-1829, letters from Roderick Impey Murchison, 1827-1841 and seven maps with geological colouring and notes, [1810-1840]. Selected images from the collection can be found in our Picture Library.
     
A K Coomaraswamy
  Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy (1877-1947)
Coomarswamy is now known for his work on the history of Indian and Ceylonese art, culture and philosophy, however he originally trained as a geologist. The Archives holds two volumes of offprints, reports, letters and manuscripts compiled by Coomaraswamy on the geology of Ceylon [now Sri Lanka] dating from 1847-1908. Also 189 lantern slides mostly of geological features of Europe and Ceylon photographed by Coomaraswamy, 1890s-1900s, some of which can be found in our Picture Library.
     
L Fermor
  Lewis Leigh Fermor (1898-1950)
Personal papers, natural history notebooks and diaries of Sir Lewis Leigh Fermor, 1898-1950, with a particular focus on his early career at the Geological Survey of India, 1902-1908. The contents of his first diary, covering his first two field seasons in India can be found in our exhibition pages.
     
G B Greenough
  George Bellas Greenough (1778-1855)
Greenough was one of the thirteen founders of the Society and served as President three times, so the Archives holds a large number of items relating to his activities. The most significant material comes from the Greenough bequest, donated to the Society on his death in 1855. The collection comprises Greenough's notes, maps, sections, letters and annotated volumes on geological subjects, 1758-1850s.
     
Arthur Greig thumbnail
  Major Arthur Greig (1893-1989)
Nine field maps of the Western Front, 1910-1918, relating to Greig's military service in the First World War with the London Scottish Battalion, 1914-1919.
     
Harmer   Frederic William Harmer (1835-1923)
Annotated field maps of East Anglia made during his research into glacial deposits in the south east of England, in collaboration with Searles Valentine Wood jnr, [1862-1872].  
     
Leonard Hawkes
  Leonard Hawkes (1891-1981) 
160 letters to Hawkes from 106 correspondents including Edward Bullard and Arthur Holmes, mostly on petrological topics, 1914-1964. Also: Hawkes' application for the readership in geology at Bedford College, with testimonials, 1920-1921; manuscript and typescript lectures and reports on Icelandic and Javanese geology, 1934-1937; cuttings, letters and photographs relating to Hawkes' visit to China, 1954; papers concerning the formation of the International Union of Geological Sciences, 1959-1960.
     
James Hutton
  James Hutton (1726-1797)
James Hutton was never a member of the Society, his death predating its formation by 10 years. However the Archives holds six chapters of Hutton's manuscript for his 'Theory of the Earth', [c.1795], which was donated to the Society by Leonard Horner in 1856.
     
William Hutton thumb
  William Hutton (1797-1860) 
Material on Hutton's researches into the geology of the north of England, including: two drawings of Coal Measure plants from the Northumberland and Durham coal-field, [1827]; draft of paper 'On the Stratiform Basalt associated with the Carboniferous formation of the North of England' accompanied by 12 ink sketches of sections, [1831]; nine letters to Roderick Impey Murchison, 1829-1834; three letters relating to fossils sent by Hutton to the Society's Museum, 1827-[1830].
     
John MacCulloch
  John MacCulloch (1773-1835)
As well as being a geologist, MacCulloch was a talented artist. The Archives holds a significant number of his drawings, prints and paintings mostly showing geological features and landscapes around Britain, 1807-[1835]. Examples of some of his work can be found in our Picture Library pages.
     
 Mitchell index   James Mitchell (1787-1844)
Although writing prolifically on the geology of the south east of England, very few of Mitchell's papers appeared in the pages of the Society's journals. His work, however, survives in five volumes of manuscript notes and observations entitled 'Geological researches round London', which were made by Mitchell principally on the geology and botany of London and the Thames Valley, [1832-1840]. 
     
Charles Moor
  Charles Moore (1815-1881)
Material mostly relating to Moore's researches on the geology and palaeontology of Somerset and Wiltshire, including lecture notes, reports, papers and scientific correspondence, 1849-1881. Also letters and cuttings relating to the meetings of the British Association, 1863-1869; letters and lists concerning the subscription fund for the purchase of the Moore Museum collection, 1882-1883; notes by Henry Hoyte Winwood relating to his memoir of Charles Moore, 1870-1913.              
     
R I Murchison
  Sir Roderick Impey Murchison (1792-1871)
The largest collection in the Archives, the series notably contains notes, proofs, illustrations and maps on Murchison's researches and publications on: the Silurian system, 1833-1858; the geology of Russia, 1840-1844; the Alps, Apennines and Carpathians, 1847-1850; and the geology of Scotland, 1858-1859. Also: 2430 letters, from Murchison's social and scientific acquaintances, 1808-1871; 165 field notebooks and diaries on the geology of Europe, 1814-1869; 26 volumes of Murchison's autobiographical journal, [c.1865]; five field books belonging to his wife Charlotte Murchison covering England, Wales, Italy, France, Germany and Switzerland, 1816-1852.
     
Joseph Prestwich
  Sir Joseph Prestwich (1812-1896)
Material covering Prestwich's studies into the geology and palaeontology of England, Scotland and France, notably: 50 field notebooks 1832-1890; geological notes, [1861]; maps and geological sections, [1809-1890s]. Also letters to Charles Moore, [1878]-1892, and Roderick Impey Murchison, 1865-1871.                
     
Adam Sedgwick
  Adam Sedgwick (1785-1873)
Two travel diaries from Sedgwick's tour through the continent of Europe, June-September 1816; manuscripts of Sedgwick's papers on the geology of Britain, particularly north Wales, which were read and later published by the Society, 1843-1854. Also 301 letters to Roderick Impey Murchison, 1827-1869.
     
R Shackleton
  Robert Millner Shackleton (1909-2001)
Field notebooks, maps, photographs and reports relating to the geology of Kenya, Ireland, Fiji and Britain, 1929-1995, notably Shackleton's work on the geology of Moel Hebog, North Wales, and the palaeolithic site of Olorgesailie, Kenya.
     
 Jethro J H Teall   Jethro Justinian Harris Teall (1849-1924)
Two scrapbooks of documents, newspaper cuttings and photographs collected by Sir Jethro Justinian Harris Teall and his wife Harriet, mostly relating to his career and family life, 1876-1926.
     
William Smith
  William Smith (1769-1839)
Maps, sections and reports on Smith's geological surveys of Britain, notably: geological colouring on 'A Map of Five Miles round the City of Bath...', 1799; table of strata in the vicinity of Bath, written to his dictation by Rev B Richardson, 1799; 'General map of strata found in England & Wales', 1801. Examples of his published maps, mostly from our Map Library can be found in our Picture Library.
     
Janet Watson
  Janet Vida Watson (1923-1985)
Papers relating to the life and work of Janet Vida Watson, first female President of the Society, principally notebooks and maps covering Watson's geological research in the Scottish Highlands and Islands, 1940s-1980s. 
     
Walbottle dyke
  Nathaniel John Winch (1768-1838)
Drawings and sections of dykes made by Winch, comprising: plan of the dykes in Montagu Main Colliery, [1808]; sketches of sections showing dykes in Whitley Quarry and Walbottle Dean, [c.1814]. Also letter to Thomas Webster describing a fossil plant found near Whitby, 1820.
     
S V Wood junior
  Searles Valentine Wood, the younger (1830-1884)
Material relating to Wood's work on the glacial deposits of south east England, principally: illustrated manuscript, 'A memoir in explanation of the structure of the glacial and post glacial beds.... in the Thames valley between London and the sea...', 1867; field maps of East Anglia and the Thames Valley, made during his research into glacial deposits in the south east of England latterly in collaboration with Frederic William Harmer, [1862-1881].
     
Charles Henry Lardner Woodd thumbnail
  Charles Henry Lardner Woodd (1821-1893)
Woodd was elected a Fellow in 1846 but despite being a member until his death in 1893, never submitted a geological paper to the Society. However he was a gifted artist and the Society holds eight drawings of geological features around Cromarty and Assynt in Scotland from August 1847 when he appears to have been following in the footsteps of the famous Scottish geologist Hugh Miller (1802-1856). Selected images can be found on our Picture Library pages.